6 See Ref. Languages. Henri Becquerel learned of Roentgen's discovery of x-rays through the fluorescence that some materials produce. Henri Becquerel was elected as Vice chairman of the Académie des Sciences in 1906 and its Chairman in 1908. This paper recalls the history of the Becquerel family, the fascinating time of the discovery of radioactivity as well as some important related research published before the radium age. Becquerel was born in Paris into a wealthy family which produced four generations of physicists: Becquerel's grandfather (Antoine César Becquerel), father (Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel), and son (Jean Becquerel).Henri started off his education by attending the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school, a prep school in Paris. 1998;43(4):97–123. He assumed the image was caused by a spontaneous emission from the uranium, but he had in fact discovered radioactivity. Henri Becquerel was the famed physicist who discovered radioactivity. In 1903, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his wife, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and Henri Becquerel, "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel". The Discovery of Radioactivity. Discovery of radioactivity. Henri Becquerel was a French physicist who investigated uranium and other substances which led to his discovery of radioactivity. Following up on Becquerel's discovery, Pierre and Marie Curie began experimenting with uranium and the concept of radioactivity. Becquerel was hoping to demonstrate a link between minerals that glow when exposed to strong light and a new type of electromagnetic radiation called X-rays. His grandfather had made important contributions in the field of electrochemistry while his father had investigated the phenomena of fluorescence and phosphorescence. Just better. Improved in 24 Hours. Live Statistics. Henri Becquerel was the third in the line of a family of scientists which extended over more than a … Henri Becquerel also studied the polarization and absorption of light in crystals. He belonged to a family of distinguished scholars and scientists. Biography Early life. Shimizu S. Henri Becquerel, Antoine-Henri Becquerel (1852– 1908) discovery of radioactivity (1896) centenary year, Japan Radioisotope Association. February 26, 1896, was an overcast day in Paris — and that presented a problem for French physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel. 5. French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity, and radioactivity. He inherited a tradition of research from his grandfather, Antoine Cesar Becquerel, who developed the field of electrolysis, and his father, A.E. Becquerel was the first scientist to open the world up to the new scientific evolution. Henri Becquerel was a French physicist who discovered radioactivity.He was born in Paris into a family of great scientists. 4. Recent. In 1901 Becquerel made the discovery that radioactivity could be used for medicine. Henri Becquerel is on Facebook. Henri Becquerel. 5 See Ref. On August 25, 1908, he died of cardiac arrest at the early age of 55 in Bretagne, in western France. On 26-27 February 1896, Henri Becquerel took the uranium and photographic plates wrapped in black paper to initiate his experiment by placing them in the path of sun light, but to his misfortune it was overcast both days. Like Thomson’s discovery of the electron, the discovery of radioactivity in uranium by French physicist Henri Becquerel in 1896 forced scientists to radically change their ideas about atomic structure. The full impact of Becquerel's discovery was not appreciated, however, until the work of Marie and Pierre Curie, with whom he shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics. His discovery of radioactivity (Becquerel radiation) … The discovery of natural radioactivity by the French researcher Henri Becquerel ushered in a new era in science and technology. Both his grandfather and his father were successively professors of physics at the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Finally, his experiments with uranium and the radiation involved would cause death. Antoine Henri Becquerel was born in Paris on December 15, 1852, a member of a distinguished family of scholars and scientists. English Articles. Henri was doing an experiment which started with the exposure of a uranium-bearing crystal to sunlight. Antoine Henri Becquerel (December 15, 1852 - August 25, 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and one of the discoverers of radioactivity. The Discovery of Radioactivity (Henri Becquerel) The discovery of a form of radiation that could pass through solid matter fired the imagination of a generation of scientists who rushed to study this phenomenon. [4] Sakae Shimizu, 7. Antoine Henri Becquerel was born to Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel and Aurelie Quenard in Paris, France, on 15 December, 1852. His discovery was purely accidental, as most discoveries are, while attempting an experiment that utilized the sun, uranium, and photographic plates. He was the son of a professor of applied physics, Alexander Becquerel. Join Facebook to connect with Henri Becquerel and others you may know. Becquerel, along with Marie and Pierre Curie, won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of radioactivity. This discovery led to the development of radiotherapy which is now used to treat cancer. Becquerel, who invented a new method for spectroscopic analysis. Becquerel was born in Paris in1852 into a line of distinguished physicists. He is credited with the discovery of the photovoltaic effect, the operating principle of the solar cell, in 1839. Becquerel was surprised, since there was no obvious source of energy involved. Quite the same Wikipedia. He died only five years later, at the age of 55. Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) Contributions: Received the Noble Prize in physics for being the first to discover radioactivity as a phenomenon separate from that of x-rays and document the differences between the two. Henri Becquerel and the Serendipitous Discovery of Radioactivity Antoine Henri Becquerel (born December 15, 1852 in Paris, France), known as Henri Becquerel, was a French physicist who discovered radioactivity, a process in which an atomic nucleus emits particles because it is unstable. Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) was a French physicist and winner of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. Antoine-Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) is known for his discovery of radioactivity, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics jointly with Marie Curie (1897-1934) and Pierre Curie (1859-1906) in 1903 and the contributions he made to that field. Henri Becquerel. 1996;1–12. O¯ ba S. Centennial of the discovery of radium Marie Curie and Pierre Curie. Henri's son Jean Becquerel also became a physicist, and four generations of Becquerels were educated at the École Polytechnique and became professors of physics at the French Museum of Natural History. Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer ofradioactivity along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, for which all three won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. Discovery of Radioactivity: Becquerel Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908; view photo at Access Excellence, at the National Health Museum) was the third of four Becquerels to hold a chair of physics at the Paris Museum of Natural History and to belong to the Academy of Sciences, following his grandfather Antoine César, his father Alexandre Edmond, and preceding his son Jean. Henri's Discovery of radiation eventually led to eventually contributed to the discovery of alpha and beta radiation. Henri Becquerel was born into a family of scientists. Radioactivity demonstrated that the atom was neither indivisible nor immutable. Henri made this discovery when he left a piece of radium in his vest pocket and noticed that he had been burnt by it. He was born in Paris on December 15, 1852, and died on August 25, 1908. He was the son of Antoine César Becquerel and the father of Henri Becquerel, one of the discoverers of radioactivity. He is also known for his work in luminescence and phosphorescence. His father was a scientist and employed as a professor of Applied Physics. Henri Becquerel was well positioned to make the exciting discovery, which came just a few months after the discovery of x-rays. Added in 24 Hours. Becquerel was born in Paris, France on December 15, 1852. 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