The second was how to rule large swaths of conquered land. Additionally, the encomienda system of forced slavery of locals killed many more natives through hard labor and privation. Spanish became the primary language in many Latin American countries. The system was implemented in subsequent conquests, including Central America and Peru. Native Americans did not have the immune systems to fight off this ‘new’ kind of sickness. Some were successful, like Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Inca Empire in western South America, but most were failures, like Panfilo de Narvaez' disastrous expedition to Florida in which all but four men out of over three hundred died. The Spanish Conquest impacted the Aztec society’s beliefs and way of life. This approach inevitably minimizes the actions and roles of the majority of the people involved, the Mesoamericans themselves. Here are some of the many consequences of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and their lands. The Native cultures of the New World were warlike and tended to fight first and ask questions later, so there was much conflict and many Natives were killed in battle. It was an empire that people from Europe had never seen before. The Conquest of Mexico by Hernán Cortés is often written and examined from the view of the European victors. The vanquished culture kept their temples and their gods, and often welcomed the new deities, on the grounds that their followers' victory had proven them strong. The disease killed hundreds of millions in Mexico alone: it's impossible to know specific numbers, but by some estimates, smallpox wiped out between 25% and 50% of the population of the Aztec Empire. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. It Sparked a Wave of Conquests. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. The "New Laws" of 1542 tried to rein in the worst aspects of the system, but they were so unpopular with colonists that Spanish landowners in Peru went into open rebellion. The amount of m… DOCUMENTARY TUBE 442,819 views. The positive and negative impacts of Hernan Cortes depend on the point of view from which you are looking. Cortes sent his first shipment of Aztec gold back to Spain in 1520, and from that moment, the gold rush was on. Some of the main culprits were smallpox and other diseases against which native people had no defense. Over time the Roman Catholic religion became the predominant theological influence in Latin America. The Impact of Spanish Conquest in Inca 7H4 2016. The Aztecs are a tribe, according to their … The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is not only one of the most significant events in the early exploration and conquest of the Americas, but also one of the most significant events in world history. These Native "books" were a treasure trove of cultural information and history, and tragically only a few battered examples survive today. Spanish Conquest and the changes that took place at the time of the Maya collapse. Far worse than the violence inflicted by the conquistadors was the horror of smallpox. Existing native leaders were killed or stripped of power, leaving indigenous societies without the social structures on which they depended. The mines in Peru and Mexico were in the hands of a few elite mining entrepreneurs, with access to capital and a stomach for the risk mining entailed. They were able to breed really quickly. There are many mixed feelings about the impact of the Spaniards in the new world. Mexico and the Caribbean soon filled with desperate, ruthless soldiers looking to take part in the next great conquest. Natives had not been exposed to many diseases or people for that matter. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. This approach allows us to introduce a new resource for younger readers, comparing the stories of Malinche and Pocahontas... (Compiled by Ian Mursell/Mexicolore) Pic 1: … Short Term Effects. The Spanish Conquistadors came armed with cannons, crossbows, lances, fine Toledo swords and firearms, none of which had ever been seen by Native warriors before. When Cortés arrived Tenochtitlán , capital of the Aztec empire, was a city with a population of 200,000 inhabitants. An indicator measuring the rate of Reconquest reveals a heavily negative effect on current income differences across the Spanish provinces. This was very clearly a win-lose situation that favored the Europeans. Dictionary. What Were the Lasting Effects of Spanish Conquest in Latin America. The Native cultures of the New World were warlike and tended to fight first and ask questions later, so there was much conflict and many Natives were killed in battle. This wealth made Spain a world power and involved them in wars and conquests around the globe. IMPACTS OF THE SPANISH CONQUEST. One of the greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin America was the devastating loss of indigenous populations. Conquistadors were replaced by bureaucrats and colonial officials, and Mexico would be a Spanish colony until it began its fight for independence in 1810. The negative impact of a low level of human capital appears in line with the evidence provided by Maloney and Valencia on the lack of technical capacity of former Spanish colonies at the time of industrialization, which emanates from the deficient technological capacity in the metropolis. When it was first introduced, many native South Americans melded Roman Catholicism into their traditional religious practices. Lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures. The Fall of the Aztec Empire 2016. The Spanish Conquistadors came armed with cannons, crossbows, lances, fine Toledo swords and firearms, none of which had ever been seen by Native warriors before. Spanish conquest of the Aztecs. Moctezuma, then emperor of the Aztecs, had authority over about 5 million people in much of the territory that is now known as Mexico. The Inca population suffered a dramatic and quick decline following contact with the Europeans. 2016. Impact of the Spanish Conquest on the Aztecs. One hundred years later, a united Spain was a European powerhouse. Spanish architecture formed the basis for many structures, and town planning was based on the layout of a plaza or town square in the midst of a municipality. Culture contact can lead to unexpected consequences. - Their language is spoken around Mexico - Catholic is a strong religion Short Term Consequences of the Spanish Conquest "This great city contains mosques, or houses for idols, very beautiful Using the mind map you've made, add to it any of the points you think this clip highlights about the impacts each civilisation had on one another. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Population of the New World was Decimated, It Brought Forth the Vile Encomienda System, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of Hernán Cortés, Ruthless Conquistador, Spain's American Colonies and the Encomienda System, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire. Impact of the conquest The effect the Spanish had on the Aztec Empire is a mixed lot. There are many mixed feelings about the impact of the Spaniards in the new world. One of the greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin America was the devastating loss of indigenous populations. The Spanish Conquest impacted the Aztec society’s beliefs and way of life. 4.2. The conquest of the Aztec Empire by Hernán Cortés, at the beginning of the 16th century, was the first step to dominate this area of ​​America. Negative Effect: Destruction of the Empire After three months of fighting, Cortes defeated the capital city of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan. The introduced animals such as pigs, cows, and horses and new crops completely remade the food supply and created a new ecosystem. Under the leadership of Hernan Cortes in 1521, the Aztec Empire was destroyed. The Aztec empire was a wealthy and a well-organized society. They decided to kill two birds with one stone by implementing the encomienda system. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This decline was largely due to illness and disease such as smallpox, which is thought to have been introduced by colonists and conquistadors. Others were enslaved, driven from their homes, or … Explain the negative effects of the Roman Conquest Introduction The Roman conquest was the results of their selfish, ambitious, and avaricious, and who lacked the genuine taste and generous spirit which belong to the highest type of human culture (Morey, 1901). Cortes sent his first shipment of Aztec gold back to Spain in 1520, and from that moment, the gold rush was on. Three years later, there were 700 pigs. The Spanish colonization however had major negative impacts on the indigenous people that settled in Trinidad such as the decrease of the population, family separation, starvation and the lost of their culture and tradition. The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in 1521, led by Hernando Cortes, was a landmark victory for the European settlers. Following the Spanish arrival in Mexico, a huge battle erupted between the army of Cortes and the Aztec people under the rule of Montezuma. Philippines, in that sense, was no exception. We have yet to be able to answer the second question, except to say that ‘religion’ has served well, both today and in the past, as a convenient term for ring-fencing difference, especially by reference to beliefs that believers claim are foundational to truth and to human existence. Regardless if … The first was how to reward the blood-soaked conquistadors who had taken the land (and who had been badly cheated out of their shares of the gold by Cortes). The tons of silver, much of which was made into the famous pieces of eight, would encourage Spain's "Siglo de Oro" or "golden century" which saw great contributions in art, architecture, music, and literature from Spanish artists. In discussing the impact of the discovery and conquest of the Aztec empire on both American and European societies, one must understand that Hernán Cortés and his conquistadors ultimately destroyed a once flourishing and dazzling Aztec Empire in hopes of expanding that of the Europeans. Historians often disagree on the impact, both positive and negative, that the Spanish had on Aztec civilization. Cortes' defeat of the Aztec Empire had many ramifications, not the least of which was the eventual creation of the nation we know as Mexico. Website. In South America, the legend of El Dorado - a lost city ruled by a king who covered himself in gold - persisted into the nineteenth century. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. - Spanish won battles as they were prepared and stronger than other indian tribes. 13:02 . Conquistadors routinely destroyed temples inhabited by "devils" and told the Natives that their god was the only one and that to worship their traditional deities was heresy. Conquistador armies scoured the New World for wealthy cities to loot. The disease arrived on the shores of Mexico with one of the members of Panfilo de Narvaez' army in 1520 and soon spread; it even reached the Inca Empire in South America by 1527. Thousands of adventurous young Europeans - not only Spanish - heard tales of the great riches of the Aztec Empire and they set out to make their fortune just like Cortes had. In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. From the point of view of a Native American from what is now Mexico, it … It was an empire that people from Europe had never seen before. The motor of the Spanish imperial economy that had a global impact was silver mining. the present day. In-text: (The Fall of the Aztec Empire, 2016) Your Bibliography: Aztec-history.com. The Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire was catastrophic to the Inca people and culture. Jabzy Recommended for you. These same Native cultures were shocked to discover that the Spanish did not believe the same way. They did not have proper medicine for these illnesses and simply could not fight them. Some experts view it as negative and others believed there were many positive results of this conquest. Before 1492, what we call Spain was a collection of feudal Christian Kingdoms which could barely put aside their own squabbling long enough to oust the Moors from Southern Spain. There was three months of fighting in Tenochtitlan before the Spanish took over the land and all the gold. SHORT-TERM EFFECTS The Spanish Conquest in the Americas resulted from Columbus' discovery of the New World. The Aztec lands were renamed "New Spain" and the colonization process began. Spanish priests outlawed local religion and culture and burned written histories, leaving a cultural vacuum. Those who survived were strongly influenced by Spanish language, religion, art and architecture. ... Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire | 3 Minute History - Duration: 4:58. Regardless if … Loading... Unsubscribe from 7H4 2016? For example, in 1593 Hernando de Soto brought 13 pigs to Florida. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? The most prominent amongst them all was genocide and annihilation. These are the sources and citations used to research Impacts of the Spanish Conquest on the Indigenous population of the Americas.. Others were enslaved, driven from their homes, or forced to endure starvation and rapine. A negative thing the Spanish imposed on existing natives was the diseases. The Fall Of The Aztec Empire. 23:22. Later, Catholic priests arrived and began burning Native codices by the thousands. As a result many Natives died from European disease. Some experts view it as negative and others believed there were many positive results of this conquest. Spanish became Europe's greatest power. These conquests were soon … 4.3. A main intervening factor in the impact the Reconquest has had is the concentration of economic and political Here are some of the many consequences of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and their lands. In reality, the encomienda system was thinly-disguised enslavement and millions died in unspeakable conditions, particularly in mines. The population of Peru dropped precipitously after the Spanish Conquest, changing the patterns and intensity of economic activities. An indicator measuring the rate of … The Impact of the First Spanish Conquest on the Indigenous population in the Philippines (16th-18th centuries) Author(s): Miguel Luque-Talaván. what did the Spanish do what defeated the aztecs The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (begun February 1519) was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish In northern Peru, such changes affected the evolution of beach ridges (narrow sand dunes many kilometers long, parallel to the shoreline) north of the Chira River. The encomendero was responsible for the safety, education and religious well-being of the men and women on his land, and in exchange, they paid him with goods, food, labor, etc. Effects of Medieval Conquest and Colonization DANIEL OTO-PERALÍAS AND DIEGO ROMERO-ÁVILA Pablo de Olavide University This version: December 2014 Abstract This paper shows that a historical process that ended more than five centuries ago, the Reconquest, is very important to explain Spanish regional economic development down to the present day. Why did the Spanish decide to begin colonizing the New World? Whether this was a positive or negative event largely depends on perspective. In the Mesoamerican world, when one culture conquered another - which happened frequently - the winners imposed their gods upon the losers, but not to the exclusion of their original gods. The Aztec empire was a wealthy and a well-organized society. Of equal importance was the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire by Francisco Pizarro, which would become the Viceroyalty of Peru. The Spanish verb encomendar means "to entrust" and the system worked like this: a conquistador or bureaucrat was "entrusted" with vast lands and the Natives living on them. When the Aztecs fought the Spanish, they were … After the successful conquest of the Aztecs, Hernan Cortes and subsequent colonial bureaucrats were faced with two problems. LONG-TERM EFFECTS Although the Colombian Exchange brought … Year: 2014. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Spanish Conquest of the Incan Empire - Duration: 13:02. The lines of the conflict have traditionally been drawn as the Spaniards versus the Triple Alliance, commonly known as the Aztecs. Religion Science: Disease and the Fall of the Aztecs ... Pay attention to the points made about each civilisations impact on one another, whether positive or negative, short or long-term. They could also reflect inherited cultural and institutional factors, intrinsic to peninsular society organization. This changed rapidly when the Spanish were found trying to take the land and the gold. ‘Conquest’: the impact - expert opinions (2) Our second compilation of thoughts on the Spanish invasion by members of our Panel of Experts focuses strongly on women - rarely heard yet key protagonists in the story. Some of that had to do with a series of efficient rulers, but much was because of the great wealth flowing into Spain from its New World holdings. Summary. Impact of Spanish Conquest Expansion of Spanish Empires Spanish Explorers Sacrifices, Religion and Beliefs Impacts of Spanish conquests short term. The Columbian Exchange was responsible for the spread of smallpox and other diseases into the Americas. 1.1.1. Additionally, the encomienda system of forced slavery of locals killed many more natives through hard labor and privation. Some of the main culprits were smallpox and other diseases against which native people had no defense. Smallpox specifically killed approximately 90% of the original indigenous population. Every discovery, conquest and colonization, involves a transformation in societies which are the mark of these processes. Kings and Generals 308,054 views. Home . They seized huge quantities of valuable goods and established silver mines Christopher Colombus discovered in Americas in 1492, he was made governor of the new territories. In the absence of indigenous alternatives, Spanish language and culture became dominant in Latin America. Spanish rule put and end to those cruel traditions. 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