Arugula is delicious raw, and it can be used as a healthy add-on topping for pizza, nachos, sandwiches, and wraps. It has a strong, peppery flavour, and the leaves have a slight ‘bite’ to them. Arugula has a peppery flavour that is exceptionally strong for a leafy green. Liverpool. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. The greens feature dandelion-like succulent, elongated, lobular leaves with prominent green veins (midrib). It is a major component of Italian dishes. Arugula: properties and benefits Or, why is rocket called arugula in America? It’s just this:— * Difference in the “entry routes” of those words into their language and speaking environments. Arugula is a member of the brassica, or cruciferous family. In British English, it is called, “rocket” – or “garden rocket” – or “roquette” – hence the play on words that “this is rocket science.” Why the British use the word, “rocket”, is beyond me – since this is actually a variety of arugula – at least in the U.S.A. Arugula – In Days Gone By Arugula (also called rocket or roquette) is an aromatic leafy green with a tangy, peppery flavor in ‘common’ and Italian ‘wild’ varieties. Likewise, ruchetta still exists in modern terminology, too. Yep, arugula is rocket and rocket is arugula. Arugula, (subspecies Eruca vesicaria sativa), also called roquette, salad rocket, garden rocket, or rugula, annual herb of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its pungent edible leaves. Rocket is a very ‘English’ leaf, and has been used in salads since Elizabethan times. Rucola is another name for arugula. Arugula is a common name for all the species of Brassicaceae family with pungent leaves. If you see ‘rucola’ or ‘arugula’ for sale or on a restaurant menu, it’s the same thing. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Eruca sativa, which is widely popular as a salad vegetable Rocket is the normal word in the UK. Shop for arugula that is bright green with a soft texture. Skip to main content. It’s worth mentioning that arugula grows legendarily fast. In certain parts of Italy, this salad green commonly goes by the name rucola instead, although there are some people in the states who call it that, especially if they emigrated from Italy. But the more detailed theory posits that it came from the word “roquette,” which was what arugula is called in France. A trick I’ve used to offset direct sunlight effects on my plants during extreme summer heat, is to shade them with a makeshift tent – made from tarp or two. I’ve also heard it called Ruccola in some old recipe books – it’s funny how you never notice something and then it’s just all over the place. Both are used for flavouring or garnish, not as a main part of the meal. Other names for it include Roquette (French), Rucola (Italian), Rauke (German), Arugula (Italian), Garden Rocket and Salad Rocket. We’ve investigated the origins of the name, and will be sharing our findings with you in this article. Crisps (UK) / Chips (US) Americans and Brits fight over this one all the time! Causes. The reason why it is called rocket is still very unclear. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated 1/1/20) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated 1/1/20) and Your California Privacy Rights. Arugula, also known as Eruca vesicaria, is a cruciferous vegetable, a cousin of broccoli, kale, and cabbage. She told me it was Arugula. The Greeks called it Hesperis (“vesper-flower”) because when it flowers, it gives off … Arugula is a leafy green with a distinctive, peppery flavor that originated in the Mediterranean regions of Morocco, Portugal and Turkey. “Arugula” is an English corruption of the word in some Italian dialect, perhaps from Lombardy where they call it “arigola.” In Latin, “eruca” was a type of cabbage, and the English word “rocket”, the German word “Rauke” and the Italian “rucola” can be traced back to that word. This salad green is low in energy density and provides you with essential nutrients, making it a healthy addition to your diet. Arugula is the name especially given to Eruca sativa Mill. E. versicaria subsp sativa), variously known as arugula, rucola or roquette. Rocket or arugula (American English) (Eruca vesicaria; syns. Arugula has been popular in the area known as Italy today for hundreds of years. This didn't happen until the 16th century, though, as it took a while for arugula to make its way from the Mediterranean, where it had been grown since Roman times. Related Article: Why Does Arugula Turn Yellow? And like many of the folks who deride it, it's slightly bitter. In Quebec, due to American influence, the rocket is sometimes called by its English name arugula , itself probably a deformation of the modern Italian rucola . Curious how certain fruits and vegetables got their names? You probably don’t want to plant this one in your vegetable garden. Once again, “arugula” is taken from Italian and is popular in the US, while “rocket” is simply an English version of the French word “roquette”. The reason why it is called rocket is still very unclear. In France, arugula is known as "Roquette", and the "Rocket" just kind of evolved from there. January 16, 2011, Hari M, Leave a comment. It is an essential ingredient in the Provençal mixed greens, mesclun. Arugula : A deep green leaf with dark green colour and deep notches ,up and down sides. This is almost certainly due to the fact that the vegetable has been popular there for far longer than it has been elsewhere. Rocket, roquette, or rucola, as arugula is more commonly known outside the United States, is widely eaten in Europe, ... which may be why arugula still stands a chance at all in America. ), unless you've actually tried to grow arugula in your garden--certain caterpillars called cabbage worms seem to love munching on the stuff, and given the sorry state of ancient pesticides, the connection would have been pretty clear to most Romans. Conversely, it is also called rocket salad in English. Why do we call arugula arugula, while the Brits call it rocket? See more. It is also called rocket, rucola and Italian cress. It is also called rocket, rucola and Italian cress. A leafy green and a member of the Brassica family of cruciferous vegetables , which includes a variety of plants (like Brussels sprouts and broccoli), research shows “rocket… It doesn't mean anyone is illiterate or stupid. Also Read: Does Arugula Regrow After Cutting? In North America, Rocket is usually called “Arugula.” Many people think that is the Italian name, but it isn’t. As you might have guessed she’s American. Arugula is also called as rocket, roquette, rugula, and rucola. Arugula, a green leafy vegetable with a spicy or peppery flavor, which is also called rugola, rucola, roquette or garden rocket, can cause allergic reactions in some people that affect mostly the lips, tongue and throat. Quick Answer: Why is Arugula Called Rocket Salad. Seeds of arugula were used earlier to give flavor to the oils. Having been well-known for so long, arugula has amassed a lot of other nicknames. The rocket most often cultivated and used in salads is the annual, known as Eruca sativa (syn. In general, arugula grows to … Its leaves have an intense, almost acidic taste that characterizes them. In addition, both plant use variations of the same names so you need to known how to differentiate between them. It … Love it or hate it, rocket is popular all over the world. There’s a common trend you might be noticing here: most of arugula’s aliases come from Italy. Arugula is also called garden rocket or rocket and comes from the Mediterranean region. Rocket or arugula (American English) (Eruca vesicaria; syns. Arugula is called, “Rocket” not only in South Africa but in several other places – primarily where there are British lovers of this leafy green. If you make arugula a staple in your daily diet, this so-called “salad rocket” will launch your health and your sex life right out of this galaxy. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you. Arugula is often one of the first spring harvests from the garden. Arugula : A deep green leaf with dark green colour and deep notches ,up and down sides. It is also called rocket, rucola and Italian cress. Related Article: Does Arugula Need to be Thinned? Rocket is super nutritious & if you want to grow arugula it’s fast to germinate and grows the best in cool weather. © 2020 ThriveCuisine.com All Rights Reserved. Ruchetta was a name for arugula for a period of time. Wild Arugula Vs Rocket Salad Arugula Arugula: Wild Arugula Vs Rocket Salad. Salad rocket (arugula) is a quick growing, cool season crop. It is also called Rocket, Roquette, Rucola, Garden rocket, Rocket, Eruca, Rocket Salad, Arrugula, Gargeer, Roka, Rugula and Tira. Good stuff, no matter what its called. It might look like an unassuming leafy vegetable, but the reasons for its taste, health benefits and whether we like it all comes down to genetics. Crisps (UK) / Chips (US) Americans and Brits fight over this one all the time! Food allergies occur when the immune system overreacts to certain proteins. The leaf vegetable is spelled arugula. A perennial form, Diplotaxis tenuifolia, is often gathered in the wild in Italy. As centuries passed, arugula continued to spread. What Is Arugula? After making its way over the Alps in the 16th century, ruchetta arrived in France where it became roquette. In yet more, you’ll be handed a steaming hot bowl of tasty, green arugula soup. Arugula is sold either by the bunch or as loose leaves, much like spinach. Slight ‘ bite ’ to them the brassica, or cruciferous family different plant wild... Roquette, rugula, and full sunlight to flourish the `` rocket '' just kind of green! Common names include garden rocket, rucola and Italian cress, with bunches loose... “ qu ” part of a varied diet mainly based on hay early spring products that purchased.: most of arugula were used earlier to give flavor to the Crucifera family for pizza nachos... 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